We analytically determine the minimal time and the optimal control laws required for the realization, up to an assigned fidelity and with a fixed energy available, of entangling quantum gates (CNOT) between indirectly coupled qubits of a trilinear Ising chain. The control is coherent and open loop, and it is represented by a local and continuous magnetic field acting on the intermediate qubit. The time cost of this local quantum operation is not restricted to be zero. When the matching with the target gate is perfect (fidelity equal to 1), we provide exact solutions for the case of equal Ising coupling. For the more general case when some error is tolerated (fidelity smaller than 1), we give perturbative solutions for unequal couplings. Comparison with previous numerical solutions for the minimal time to generate the same gates with the same Ising Hamiltonian but with instantaneous local controls shows that the latter are not time optimal.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2013 2月 1|
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