Background: Tolvaptan, an antagonist of the vasopressin V2 receptor is a novel oral diuretic that promotes water excretion selectively. We have used furosemide as a primary diuretic and added human atrial natriuretic peptide (hANP) if necessary for fluid management postoperatively in living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) recipients. Recently we introduced tolvaptan and used both tolvaptan and furosemide as primary diuretics. Material/Methods: Clinical outcomes were compared between LDLT recipients whose postoperative fluid management was performed before (control group, n=10) and after (tolvaptan group, n=16) introduction of tolvaptan. Results: Preoperative and intraoperative demographic data did not differ significantly between the groups except for the period of post-surgical follow-up and total ischemic time. Urine volume was 1,242±692, 2,240±1307, and 2,268±1262 mL on postoperative day 1, 3, and 7, respectively, in the tolvaptan group. These volumes did not significantly differ from those in control group (1,027±462, 1,788±909, and 2,057±1216 mL on day 1, 3, and 7 postoperatively, respectively). Body weight gain and fluid volume from abdominal drainage tubes postoperatively did not differ significantly between groups. The time from hANP initiation to discontinuation and the time to removal of central vein catheters were significantly reduced in tolvaptan-treated patients. No severe side effects directly related to tolvaptan were observed. The survival rate at month 6 was 90.0% in control patients versus 93.8% in tolvaptan-treated patients. Conclusions: The outcomes of this investigation indicate that tolvaptan in combination with furosemide provides an adequate diuretic for fluid management subsequent to LDLT without causing adverse effects.
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