Topological classification of vortex-core structures of spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensates

Shingo Kobayashi, Yuki Kawaguchi, Muneto Nitta, Masahito Ueda

研究成果: Article査読

20 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We classify vortex-core structures according to the topology of the order parameter space. We develop a method to characterize how the order parameter changes inside the vortex core. We apply it to spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensates and show that the vortex-core structures are classified by winding numbers that are locally defined in the core region. We also show that a vortex-core structure with a nontrivial winding number can be stabilized under a negative quadratic Zeeman effect.

本文言語English
論文番号023612
ジャーナルPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
86
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2012 8 13

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 原子分子物理学および光学

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