In 2014, the γ-pyrone-containing polyketide, yoshinone A, was isolated from the marine cyanobacterium Leptolyngbya sp. and its structure was determined. Yoshinone A inhibited differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells into adipocytes, with an EC50 value of 420 nM without any cytotoxicity, and therefore is expected to be a lead compound for obesity drugs. To establish its absolute configuration, and to provide sufficient amounts for further research, the total synthesis of yoshinone A was achieved through synthesis of its two possible diastereomers.
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