The total synthesis of mycestericin A (1) and its 14-epimer 34 is described herein. The Overman rearrangement of an allylic trichloroacetimidate derived from l-tartrate generated a tetra-substituted carbon with nitrogen and subsequent stereoselective transformations afforded the highly functionalized left-half segment, vinyl iodide. Cross-coupling of the vinyl iodide with a chiral organometallic species synthesized from d-tartrate under the Negishi or Suzuki-Miyaura coupling conditions, followed by deprotection, completed the total synthesis of 1. The 14-epimer of mycestericin A was also synthesized, and a comparison of [α]D values of peracetyl γ-lactone derivatives of mycestericin A and its 14-epimer as well as degradation studies of 1 and 34 fully confirmed the proposed absolute structure of mycestericin A.
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