Toxic isolectins from the mushroom Boletus venenatus

Masashi Horibe, Yuka Kobayashi, Hideo Dohra, Tatsuya Morita, Takeomi Murata, Taichi Usui, Sachiko Nakamura-Tsuruta, Masugu Kamei, Jun Hirabayashi, Masanori Matsuura, Mina Yamada, Yoko Saikawa, Kimiko Hashimoto, Masaya Nakata, Hirokazu Kawagishi

研究成果: Article査読

11 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Ingestion of the toxic mushroom Boletus venenatus causes a severe gastrointestinal syndrome, such as nausea, repetitive vomiting, diarrhea, and stomachache. A family of isolectins (B. venenatus lectins, BVLs) was isolated as the toxic principles from the mushroom by successive 80% ammonium sulfate-precipitation, Super Q anion-exchange chromatography, and TSK-gel G3000SW gel filtration. Although BVLs showed a single band on SDS-PAGE, they were further divided into eight isolectins (BVL-1 to -8) by BioAssist Q anion-exchange chromatography. All the isolectins showed lectin activity and had very similar molecular weights as detected by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) analysis. Among them, BVL-1 and -3 were further characterized with their complete amino acid sequences of 99 amino acids determined and found to be identical to each other. In the hemagglutination inhibition assay, both proteins failed to bind to any mono- or oligo-saccharides tested and showed the same sugar-binding specificity to glycoproteins. Among the glycoproteins examined, asialo-fetuin was the strongest inhibitor. The sugar-binding specificity of each isolectin was also analyzed by using frontal affinity chromatography and surface plasmon resonance analysis, indicating that they recognized N-linked sugar chains, especially Galβ1 → 4GlcNAcβ1 → 4Manβ1 → 4GlcNAcβ1 → 4GlcNAc (Type II) residues in N-linked sugar chains. BVLs ingestion resulted in fatal toxicity in mice upon intraperitoneal administration and caused diarrhea upon oral administration in rats.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)648-657
ページ数10
ジャーナルPhytochemistry
71
5-6
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2010 4

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生化学
  • 分子生物学
  • 植物科学
  • 園芸学

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