Transcatheter aortic valve replacement with Evolut R versus Sapien 3 in Japanese patients with a small aortic annulus: The OCEAN-TAVI registry

OCEAN-TAVI investigators

研究成果: Article査読

2 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Objectives: To compare safety, efficacy, and hemodynamics of transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) using self-expanding and balloon-expandable transcatheter heart valves (THVs) in patients with a small aortic annulus. Background: Few studies have directly compared TAVR outcomes using third-generation THVs, focusing on patients with small aortic annuli. Methods: In a multicenter TAVR registry, we analyzed data from 576 patients with a small annulus and who underwent transfemoral TAVR using third-generation THVs. Propensity score matching was used to adjust baseline clinical characteristics. Results: The device success rate in the overall cohort was 92.0% (Evolut R: 92.1% vs. Sapien 3:92.0%, p = 0.96). One year after TAVR, patients treated with Evolut R maintained a lower mean pressure gradient (mPG) and a higher indexed effective orifice area (iEOA) in the matched cohort {mPG: 9.0 [interquartile range (IQR): 6.0–11.9] vs. 12.0 [IQR: 9.9–16.3] mmHg, p <.001; iEOA: 1.20 [IQR: 1.01–1.46] vs. 1.08 [IQR: 0.90–1.28] cm2/m2, p <.001}. However, no significant differences were reported in the incidence of severe prosthesis-patient mismatch and aortic regurgitation at 1 year. Furthermore, both groups showed comparable outcomes with no differences in terms of all-cause mortality (log-lank test, p =.81). Conclusions: TAVR for patients with a small annulus using third-generation THVs was associated with high device success. Evolut R seems to be superior to Sapien 3 in hemodynamic performance for patients with a small annulus and body surface area up to 1 year after TAVR. Nevertheless, all-cause mortality at 1 year was similar between both groups.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)E875-E886
ジャーナルCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
97
6
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 5 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 放射線学、核医学およびイメージング
  • 循環器および心血管医学

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