Two series of transitional cell carcinomas (TCC), one including 49 renal pelvic and/or ureteral cancers and the other 29 bladder cancers with concomitant ureteral involvement, were reviewed to establish the criteria for nephron-sparing surgery and for selecting the most appropriate surgical intervention for TCCs at the ureterovesical junction. The following categorization of tumors was made possible by histological mappings of step-sectioned surgical specimens from various surgical modes: 1) low grade papillary superficial tumor, 2) high grade papillary or non-papillary tumor with adjacent or skipped carcinoma in situ (CIS), 3) high grade non-papillary invasive tumor without CIS, 4) high grade papillary superficial tumor without CIS. We can, by comparing postoperative clinical courses, select the mode of surgery in the following manner: 1) nephronsparing surgery could be indicated in cases of low grade papillary tumor so far as a complete resection is possible; 2) in a case of high grade papillary or non-papillary tumor with adjacent or skipped CIS, extended resection of the urinary tract is required; 3) in a case of high grade non-pappillary tumor without CIS, complete en bloc resection of the tumor site, including surrounding organs, will be necessary. The possibility of organ-sparing surgery for early stage cancer without CIS at the ureterovesical junction has been suggested. Preoperative consideration of the above classifications for conservative surgery is also discussed.
|ジャーナル||Japanese journal of clinical oncology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 1993 10|
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