Trapidil suppresses platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation by inhibiting Raf-1/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) via cAMP/protein kinase A (PKA). We examined whether trapidil inhibits PDGF-induced VSMC migration and investigated its mechanisms of action. VSMC migration was inhibited to a similar extent by trapidil and forskolin. A PKA inhibitor N-(2-[p-bromocinnamylamino]ethyl)-5- isoquinolinesulfonamide (H89) blocked the inhibition by forskolin to a greater degree than that by trapidil. Trapidil but not forskolin suppressed PDGF-stimulated RhoA activation. In the presence of both H89 and (+)-(R)-trans-4-(1-aminoethyl)-N-(4-pyridyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide dihydrochloride monohydrate, an inhibitor of Rho-associated kinase (ROCK), trapidil and forskolin inhibited migration to a similar extent. Thus, in addition to cAMP/PKA activation, trapidil inhibits RhoA/ROCK activation, which may be important in trapidil's inhibitory effect on migration.
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