This article describes a dataset for a meta-analysis that aimed to investigate the effects of treatment on the neurometabolite status in patients with schizophrenia (DOI of original article: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2020.03.069 ). The data search was performed with MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO. The neurometabolites investigated include glutamate, glutamine, glutamate + glutamine, gamma-aminobutyric acid, N-acetylaspartate, and myo-inositol, and the regions of interest (ROIs) include the frontal cortex, temporal cortex, parieto-occipital cortex, thalamus, basal ganglia, and hippocampus. The meta-analysis was conducted with a random-effects model, and the use of the standardized mean difference method between pre- and post-treatment of subjects for neurometabolites in each ROI of three patient groups or more. The dataset covers raw data of 39 patient groups (773 patients with schizophrenia at follow-up) with neurometabolite levels measured by magnetic resonance spectroscopy both before and after treatment. Furthermore, it contains details of clinical characteristics and treatment types for each group. Therefore, the data would be useful for a reinvestigation of treatment effects on the neurometabolite status from diverse points of view, as well as for the development of future treatment strategies for psychiatric diseases.
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