We consider the two-phase problem for two-dimensional and irrotational motion of incompressible ideal fluids in the case that the fluids are separated into the lower and the upper parts by an almost horizontal interface and that there is an almost flat bottom below the lower fluid. It is proved that the Cauchy problem is well-posed, locally in time, in a Sobolev space of finite smoothness, if the surface tension is taken into account and the initial data are suitably close to the equilibrium rest state. The main part of the proof is the reduction of the problem to a quasi-linear system of integro-differential equations for the function defining the interface and the horizontal component of the velocity of the lower fluid on the interface.
|ジャーナル||Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences|
|出版ステータス||Published - 1997 9|
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