Two Pyridine Analogues with More Effective Ability to Reverse Multidrug Resistance and with Lower Calcium Channel Blocking Activity Than Their Dihydropyridine Counterparts

Norimasa Shudo, Tetsuro Mizoguchi, Akihiko Yoshimura, Shin ichi Akiyama, Tatsuto Kiyosue, Makoto Arita, Kiyotomo Seto, Ryozo Sakoda

研究成果: Article査読

54 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Four pyridine analogues and their dihydropyridine counterparts were examined for their ability to reverse drug resistance in a multidrug-resistant human carcinoma cell line, KB-C2. Two pyridine analogues were more able to reverse drug resistance than their dihydropyridine counterparts. The other two pyridine analogues had an effect on drug resistance similar to their dihydropyridine counterparts. The calcium channel-blocking activity of all the pyridine analogues was considerably lower than that of the dihydropyridine analogues. Of the pyridine analogues, 2-[4-(diphenylmethyl)-l-piperazinyl]ethyl 5-(trans5–4,6-dimethyl-l,3,2-dioxaphosphorinan-2-yl)-2,6-dimethyl-4-(3-nitrophenyl)-3-pyridinecarboxylate P-oxide (PAK-104P) was the most effective in reversing multidrug resistance. PAK-104P (1 and 5 μm) completely reversed the drug resistance in KB-8–5 and KB-C2 cells, respectively. The reversing effect of PAK-104P was greater than that of other multidrug resistance-reversing agents, cepharanthine, verapamil, nimodipine, and nicardipine. PAK-104P at 1 μm increased about 10-fold the accumulation of vinblastine in KB-C2 cells, whereas verapamil at the same concentration increased the accumulation about 2-fold. The inhibition of [3H]Hazidopine photolabeling of P-glycoprotein by the pyridine and dihydropyridine analogues except 2-[methyl(phenyl-methyl)amino]ethyl 4-(2-chlorophenyl)-5-(4-methyl-l,3,2-dioxaphos-phorinan-2-y 1)-1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimethy 1–3-py rid inecarboxy late P-oxide correlated with the reversing of drug resistance by the analogues. Some newly synthesized pyridine analogues seemed to have lower calcium channel-blocking activity and more potent resistance-reversing ability than verapamil and other calcium channel blockers.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)3055-3061
ページ数7
ジャーナルCancer Research
50
10
出版ステータスPublished - 1990 5 15
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 腫瘍学
  • 癌研究

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