Understanding Phase-Change Memory Alloys from a Chemical Perspective

A. V. Kolobov, P. Fons, J. Tominaga

研究成果: Review article査読

38 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Phase-change memories (PCM) are associated with reversible ultra-fast low-energy crystal-to-amorphous switching in GeTe-based alloys co-existing with the high stability of the two phases at ambient temperature, a unique property that has been recently explained by the high fragility of the glass-forming liquid phase, where the activation barrier for crystallisation drastically increases as the temperature decreases from the glass-transition to room temperature. At the same time the atomistic dynamics of the phase-change process and the associated changes in the nature of bonding have remained unknown. In this work we demonstrate that key to this behavior is the formation of transient three-center bonds in the excited state that is enabled due to the presence of lone-pair electrons. Our findings additionally reveal previously ignored fundamental similarities between the mechanisms of reversible photoinduced structural changes in chalcogenide glasses and phase-change alloys and offer new insights into the development of efficient PCM materials.

本文言語English
論文番号13698
ジャーナルScientific reports
5
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2015 9月 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 一般

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