VoIP/SIP is taking place of conventional telephony because of very low call charge but it is also attractive for SPITters who advertise or spread phishing calls toward many callees. Although there exist many feature-based SPIT detection methods, none of them provides the flexibility against multiple features and thus complex threshold settings and training phases cannot be avoided. In this paper, we propose an unsupervised and threshold-free SPITters detection scheme based on a clustering algorithm. Our scheme does not use multiple features directly to trap SPITters but uses them to find the dissimilarity among each caller pair and tries to separate the callers into a SPITters cluster and a legitimate one based on the dissimilarity. By computer simulation, we show that the combination of Random Forests dissimilarity and PAM clustering brings the best classification accuracy and our scheme works well when the SPITters account for more than 20% of the entire caller.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science(all)