Uptake of basic drugs into rat lung granule fraction in vitro

Junko Ishizaki, Koichi Yokogawa, Emi Nakashima, Shoji Ohkuma, Fujio Ichimura

研究成果: Article査読

21 被引用数 (Scopus)


Although basic drugs are distributed widely in various tissues, they are characteristically concentrated in the lung granule fraction. We examined the uptake of seven lipophilic basic drugs into rat lung granule fraction (P2) in vitro and investigated the contributions of drug lipophilicity and lysosomal trapping to the characteristic lung P2 distribution. The uptake of each drug into P2 was examined at various pH values. The drug concentration in P2 was determined by gas chromatography. Biperiden (BP) was rapidly taken up into P2, reaching a maximal concentration within 1 min at pH 7.4 at both 4 °C and 37 °C. Both BP and chlorpromazine uptake into P2 was biphasic. Though the uptake rates of the seven drugs into P2 increased with rising pH, the rate of increase varied for each drug. There was a good correlation between the octanol-water partition coefficient of the non-ionized form (P(oct)) of each drug and the uptake into P2 in the presence or absence of NH4Cl, which inhibits lysosomal trapping. However, uptake into P2 in the presence of NH4Cl showed a stronger P(oct)-dependency. We conclude that the distribution of basic drugs into lung P2 is dependent on both drug lipophilicity and lysosomal uptake.

ジャーナルBiological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
出版ステータスPublished - 1998 1月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 薬理学
  • 薬科学


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