Usefulness of facial nerve monitoring for confirmation of greater superficial petrosal nerve in anterior transpetrosal approach

Ryosuke Tomio, Takenori Akiyama, Takayuki Ohira, Tomo Horikoshi, Kazunari Yoshida

研究成果: Article

15 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Introduction: The greater superficial petrosal nerve (GSPN) is especially important in anterior transpetrosal approach (ATPA) as the most reliable superficial landmark of Kawase’s triangle. The GSPN can be considered as the superficial lateral border of anterior petrosectomy on the middle fossa to avoid internal carotid artery (ICA) injury. Although experienced operators can find the GSPN, its confirmation is not always easy to achieve.

Methods: We introduce our recent GSPN confirmation methods using facial nerve monitoring. In 10 recent cases, antidromic GSPN stimulation and free-running facial muscle electromyography (EMG) monitoring were performed.

Results: Facial nerve evoked-EMG by antidromic GSPN stimulation confirmed the location of the GSPN course with precision in all cases. Free-running facial muscle EMG informed the mechanical stress of facial nerves through the GSPN. There was no postoperative facial palsy or dry eye in these cases.

Conclusions: GSPN confirmation and preservation are not always easy to achieve. These monitoring methods are useful for the confirmation of the GSPN, which is a landmark for safe extradural anterior petrosectomy, and for the preservation of the GSPN itself.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1847-1852
ページ数6
ジャーナルActa Neurochirurgica
156
10
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2014 1 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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