The selective arterial calcium injection (SACI) test is useful for patients with functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (F-PNETs). This study evaluated which patients with F-PNETs would benefit from the SACI test. We retrospectively analyzed the preoperative findings of patients on computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), CT angiography (CTA), and the SACI test. Fourteen patients who underwent pancreatectomy between January 1997 and September 2016 for F-PNETs were evaluated. We classified these patients into groups A, B, and C; group A, one tumor detected by either CT or MRI; group B, multiple tumors detected; and group C, the tumor location was accordant on CT, MRI, and CTA, but the SACI test revealed another tumor. In group A, the tumor was also detected by CTA and the SACI test was positive on calcium injection. In group B, the focus tumor among the multiple tumors was detected by the SACI test. In group C, another tumor was identified by the SACI test, whose location was different from that detected using CT and MRI. The SACI test is more useful for multiple F-PNETs on CT or MRI. If CT or MRI detects a single tumor, the SACI test or CTA may be unnecessary.
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