Hypoglycemia is the major symptom of insulinoma. Chronic and recurrent hypoglycemia leads to the disappearance of autonomic symptoms and persistence of non-specific symptoms alone, possibly contributing to the delayed diagnosis of insulinoma and accounting for several undiagnosed cases. We previously reported the usefulness of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and glycated albumin as markers for early insulinoma screening; however, their diagnostic prediction performance and diagnostic performance were not satisfactory. We hypothesized that the product of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and HbA1c levels (FPG × HbA1c index) is low in insulinoma, and this index may be a useful marker for screening. This cross-sectional multicenter study compared 82 insulinoma patients with 100 age-, sex-, and body mass index-matched controls with normal glucose tolerance based on 75-g oral glucose tolerance test. The FPG × HbA1c index was significantly lower in the insulinoma group than in the control group. Receiver operating curve analysis showed that the optimal cutoff point of the FPG × HbA1c index to diagnose insulinoma was 447.1, and the area under the curves (AUCs) of the FPG × HbA1c index and HbA1c were 0.998 and 0.966, respectively. The AUC of the index was significantly higher than that of HbA1c (p = 0.010). Conversely, no significant difference existed between the AUC of the FPG × HbA1c index and that of the FPG/fasting immunoreactive insulin index. Thus, in apparently healthy population, the product of FPG and HbA1c yields a useful index for insulinoma screening in terms of accuracy and versatility.
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