BACKGROUND/AIMS: It is difficult to diagnose cholangiocarcinoma in the early stages because most patients present with jaundice, which is generally thought to be the most important symptom at diagnosis. Despite improvements to surgical instruments and techniques, these rates are not quite satisfactory. Intraductal ultrasound (IDUS) is easy to handle due to the wire-guided, thin-caliber, and high-frequency probe. The purpose of the present study was to assess the efficacy of IDUS as a diagnostic tool for patients with early distal cholangiocarcinoma.
METHODOLOGY: We enrolled 23 with early distal cholangiocarcinoma. The cholangiography and IDUS findings were retrospectively analyzed. The morphology of the tumors detected by IDUS was also classified including localized wall thickening, polypoid lesion, and sessile tumor.
RESULTS: The morphologies on IDUS were as follows: five (21.7%) localized wall thickenings, five (21.7%) polypoid lesions, and 13 (56.5%) sessile tumors.
CONCLUSIONS: Since forceps biopsy complemented by IDUS can substantially improve the diagnostic rate, pathological investigations should be performed simultaneously after detection by IDUS. We believe that noninvasive modalities should be followed by IDUS and used as a decisive approach to distinguish between benign and malignant status.
|出版ステータス||Published - 2015 6 1|
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