Based on the predictive performance in our previous study, we switched the therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) analysis software for dose setting of vancomycin (VCM) from "Vancomycin MEEK TDM analysis software Ver2.0" (MEEK) to "SHIONOGI-VCM-TDM ver.2009" (VCM-TDM) in January 2015. In the present study, our aim was to validate the effectiveness of the changing VCM TDM analysis software in initial dose setting of VCM. The enrolled patients were divided into two groups, each having 162 patients in total, who received VCM with the initial dose set using MEEK (MEEK group) or VCM-TDM (VCM-TDM group). We compared the rates of attaining the therapeutic range (trough value; 10-20 mg/mL) of serum VCM concentration between the groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to confirm that changing the VCM TDM analysis software was an independent factor related to attaining the therapeutic range. Switching the VCM TDM analysis software from MEEK to VCM-TDM improved the rate of attaining the therapeutic range by 21.6% (MEEK group: 42.6% vs. VCM-TDM group: 64.2%, p<0.01). Patient age ≥ 65 years, concomitant medication (furosemide) and the TDM analysis software used VCM-TDM were considered to be independent factors for attaining the therapeutic range. These results demonstrated the effectiveness of switching the VCM TDM analysis software from MEEK to VCM-TDM for initial dose setting of VCM.
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