Background: A report presenting five heterozygous de novo variants in VAMP2 in unrelated individuals with a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by axial hypotonia, intellectual disability, and autistic features was first published in April 4, 2019. Case report: We report the case of a male child with VAMP2 variant who was delivered at 38 weeks and 4 days without neonatal asphyxia. At 4 months of age he showed hypotonia and no visual pursuit and fixation. He presented with infantile spasms at 6 months, and electroencephalography (EEG) showed hypsarrhythmia. His infantile spasms completely disappeared by adrenocorticotropic hormone therapy, but his EEG findings continued to show high voltage slow-waves with multi-focal spikes. At 2 years of age he was non-verbal, had an absence of purposeful hand movements, and no visual fixation. He had somnolence tendency in the daytime. Biochemical and extensive genetic examinations were unrevealed. Magnetic resonance imaging showed slight brain atrophy. At 2 years and 7 months of age, he suffered from myoclonic seizures of the eyelid and tongue, which propagated to unilateral fingers, and sometimes to the bilateral legs. At 8 years of age hyperkinetic movement occurred. At age 13, whole-exome sequence identified a heterozygous missense variant, NM_014232.2:c.199G>C,[p.(Ala67Pro)] in exon 3 of VAMP2 which was a de novo non-synonymous variant. Conclusion: This is the first case report of VAMP2 variant in Japan. Hypotonia at early infancy, poor visual fixation, and absence of purposeful hand movements may be indicative of the diagnosis for VAMP2 variant.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental Neuroscience
- Clinical Neurology