The characteristics of ion solvation are important for electrochemical and biophysical phenomena because all such phenomena occur under the presence of solvated ions. In this study, we performed an all-atom molecular dynamics simulation of aqueous NaCl ranging from 0.5 to 3.0 M, and aqueous NaF, NaBr and NaI in 2.0 M, to investigate the time-averaged velocity auto-correlation function (TAVAF) of ions and water molecules. By comparing the concentrations and ion pairs, we observed three behaviours: (i) in the case of NaCl, the velocity auto-correlation of Cl- becomes weaker as the concentration increases, whereas those of Na+ are not clearly different, (ii) the intensity of fluctuations of the TAVAF gradually decreases following the decrease in ionic radius and (iii) every TAVAF of water molecules in ionic solutions is clearly lower than that of bulk because of the cage effect. Furthermore, we observed that the first minimum of the TAVAF in the cluster is smaller than that of the isolated ions. These results indicate that the diffusion of ions and water molecules is affected by cage effect, and that the generation of ion cluster affects the diffusion of ions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)