We report the generation of a quantized vortex in superfluid 3He-B. Oscillating objects can generate vortices due to breaking of Cooper pairs in superfluid He, resulting that the threshold velocity for vortex generation is higher than the pair-breaking velocity. Using very-low-frequency vibrating wires with smooth surfaces, however, we find that the threshold velocity of vortex generation is lower than the pair-breaking velocity. The threshold velocity remains constant with decreasing 3He pressure until the pair-breaking velocity equals the vortex-generation threshold velocity at a low pressure. These results indicate that another mechanism that is independent of pressure generates vortices for the low-frequency vibrating wire in superfluid 3He. The threshold velocity observed in experiments turns out to be nearly equal to the velocity of the instability of the vortex lines attached to the wire, which is characterized by only the circulation quantum.
|ジャーナル||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2010 12月 14|
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