X-ray structure of the fourth type of archaeal tRNA splicing endonuclease: Insights into the evolution of a novel three-unit composition and a unique loop involved in broad substrate specificity

Akira Hirata, Kosuke Fujishima, Ryota Yamagami, Takuya Kawamura, Jillian F. Banfield, Akio Kanai, Hiroyuki Hori

研究成果: Article査読

12 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Cleavage of introns from precursor transfer RNAs (tRNAs) by tRNA splicing endonuclease (EndA) is essential for tRNA maturation in Archaea and Eukarya. In the past, archaeal EndAs were classified into three types (α′ 2, α4 and α2β2) according to subunit composition. Recently, we have identified a fourth type of archaeal EndA from an uncultivated archaeon Candidatus Micrarchaeum acidiphilum, referred to as ARMAN-2, which is deeply branched within Euryarchaea. The ARMAN-2 EndA forms an ε2 homodimer and has broad substrate specificity like the α2β2 type EndAs found in Crenarchaea and Nanoarchaea. However, the precise architecture of ARMAN-2 EndA was unknown. Here, we report the crystal structure of the ϵ 2 homodimer of ARMAN-2 EndA. The structure reveals that the ϵ protomer is separated into three novel units (αN, α and βC) fused by two distinct linkers, although the overall structure of ARMAN-2 EndA is similar to those of the other three types of archaeal EndAs. Structural comparison and mutational analyses reveal that an ARMAN-2 type-specific loop (ASL) is involved in the broad substrate specificity and that K161 in the ASL functions as the RNA recognition site. These findings suggest that the broad substrate specificities of ϵ2 and α2β2 EndAs were separately acquired through different evolutionary processes.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)10554-10566
ページ数13
ジャーナルNucleic acids research
40
20
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2012 11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 遺伝学

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